The Sardonic Historian

Public comments on public history.

Heard Opening: “Frida Kahlo–Her Photos”

The Heard Museum recently updated its mission, and they now seek to represent the cultures of Hispanic peoples as part of the area’s Indigenous population.  For its first major exhibit under the museum’s new purview, the Heard chose to feature a Mexican artist that will be familiar to many people–Frida Kahlo. The exhibit, which opens on Halloween, will feature many photographs that Frida either composed or collected. There is also a corresponding exhibit opening that will show the art of a local group of female artists here in Phoenix who draw their inspiration from Frida’s art. They aptly call themselves “The Fridas.”

What I am most excited about in this exhibit is that many of these photographs hung in Frida’s bedroom and from them she drew the inspiration from her art. Frida was involved in a bus accident in her youth that resulted in her needing approximately 30 surgeries throughout her life. She lived her life in constant pain, and toward the end of her life she spent much of her time bedridden. Nevertheless, she still found ways to paint from her bed. I look forward to the opportunity to see these images collectively and separately and try to understand the connections that the artist made between them, her imagination and her talent.

“What exactly does a web archivist do?”

When I tell people that I’m the Web Archivist at the Arizona State Archives, they often ask for more clarification on what I do, and rightly so. Web archiving is a relatively new but steadily growing field in archival studies. As the majority of our written communication in the present is digital-born, archivists and historians are scrambling for ways to preserve that information for posterity. In the meantime, much of the content in emails, websites, texts, tweets and the like is being permanently lost.

I wrote this blog post for the Arizona State Archives to explain how we preserve the websites for the State of Arizona and its corresponding social media. My position is funded by an LSTA grant and Arizona is exceptional because I am able to dedicate all of my time to web archiving. In the process, I’ve created one of the largest public web archives in the country, with approximately 550 websites in our archive.

If you’re curious to know more about what I do, please head over to the Arizona Archivy to read the blog post about my work. You can also access our collection here.

Be a Judge for National History Day in Arizona

The call has gone out for judges for Arizona’s National History Day competition! Anyone can do it and you can participate on more than one day. Here is the link.

Contact the state coordinator, Nancy York, at for more information.

Old Family Photos

My sister recently celebrated her 30th birthday and I nosed through some old family photos to find a few to give her. I came across a few great ones and thought I would share.

Here is the oldest picture I pulled out. This is Jessie Burns, my great grandmother on my mother’s side. I never knew she was so beautiful in her youth. The photo isn’t dated.

Jessie Burns

Jessie Burns


Here’s my mother when she was 16. Wow, what a hairdo. Unsurprisingly, I never saw her do anything like this after. I love the expression on her face.

Becky (Naylor) Keller, 1965

Becky (Naylor) Keller, 1965


Here is she three years later in college. This photo was taken in her sorority, Delta Delta Delta, at Simpson College. I attended the same college as her and joined the same sorority, so it’s fun for me to see these old pictures because we shared similar experiences in the same places.

Becky (Naylor) Keller, 1968

Becky (Naylor) Keller, 1968


Here is my father, standing post at Ford Ord in Monterey, California. He was drafted into the army for the Vietnam War but never deployed (thank God.) I’m not sure what year this is. One thing I love about pictures of my father from his youth is that he usually has a cigarette hanging out of his mouth. What a miscreant.

Gary Keller, late 1970s

Gary Keller, late 1970s


Here is a great picture of my parents in Reno, taken eight years before their eldest daughter was born. According to my father, he thought the red turtleneck and black corduroy jacket looked “pretty swank.”

Gary and Becky Keller, Reno, 1977

Gary and Becky Keller, Reno, 1977

Newest Additions to the National Recording Registry

The National Recording Preservation Board recently released the year’s list of additions to the National Recording Registry. Created in 2002, the registry is a fascinating piece of archival work that is meant to preserve sound recordings that have been vital to the historical, aesthetic, and cultural development of the nation. The criterion for selection is meant to be broad, and the list includes political speeches, comedy, sports casts, and surprisingly even some British invasion rock ‘n’ roll. Selections include Edison’s earliest recordings, otherwise extinct Native American languages, Abbott and Costello, and even Steely Dan. I always find each year’s list to be incredibly insightful considering there are no political stakeholders involved, or the media fanfare that surrounds the Grammies or Rock ‘n’ Roll Hall of Fame. This list reflects the thoughtful insight of historians and members of the public who believe these works to be particularly game-changing. Living artists must feel incredibly honored to make the list. The works that stand out to me this year are “Fortunate Son” by CCR, the Franz Boas recordings and, of course, the Shaft theme. Here is this year’s list:

  1. “The Laughing Song” (single)—George Washington Johnson (c. 1896)
  2. “They Didn’t Believe Me”—Harry Macdonough and Alice Green (1915)
  3. “Brother, Can You Spare a Dime” (singles)—Bing Crosby; Rudy Vallee (both 1932)
  4. “Franz Boas and George Herzog Recordings of Kwakwaka’wakw Chief Dan Cranmer (1938)
  5. “Were You There” (single)—Roland Hayes (1940)
  6. “The Goldbergs”: Sammy Goes Into the Army (July 9, 1942)
  7. “Caldonia” (single)—Louis Jordan (1945)
  8. “Dust My Broom” (single)—Elmore James (1951)
  9. “A Night at Birdland” (Vols. 1 and 2) (albums)—Art Blakey (1954)
  10. “When I Stop Dreaming” (single)—The Louvin Brothers (1955)
  11. “Cathy’s Clown” (single)—The Everly Brothers (1960)
  12. “Texas Sharecropper and Songster” (album)—Mance Lipscomb (1960)
  13. “The First Family” (album) (1962)
  14. Lawrence Ritter’s Interviews with Baseball Pioneers of the Late 19th and Early 20th Century (1962-1966)
  15. Presidential Recordings of Lyndon B. Johnson (Nov. 22, 1963 – Jan. 10, 1969)
  16. “Carnegie Hall Concert with Buck Owens and His Buckaroos” (album)—Buck Owens and His Buckaroos (1966)
  17. “Fortunate Son” (single)—Creedence Clearwater Revival (1969)
  18. “Theme from ‘Shaft’” (album)—Isaac Hayes (1971)
  19. “Only Visiting This Planet” (album)—Larry Norman (1972)
  20. “Celia & Johnny” (album)—Celia Cruz and Johnny Pacheco (1974)
  21. “Copland Conducts Copland: Appalachian Spring”—Aaron Copland (1974)
  22. “Heart Like a Wheel” (album)—Linda Ronstadt (1974)
  23. “Sweeney Todd” (album)—Original Cast Recording (1979)
  24. “The Joshua Tree” (album)—U2 (1987)
  25. “Hallelujah” (single)—Jeff Buckley (1994)

More information about each individual work can be found here.

A New Historical Novel About Omaha

Here is a link to Amazon’s page for The Swan Gondola, a new historical novel by Timothy Schaffert. It’s set during the 1898 Omaha World’s Fair, an event in the city’s history that I find endlessly fascinating and underwhelmingly discussed. Hopefully this will help Omahans become more interested in this fascinating exposition, especially since the beautiful plaster buildings have long since been demolished.

The last time I was in Omaha, I stopped by the Durham Museum’s photo archives and looked at their collection from the fair. I requested copies of a few images. (Secret admission: I framed one and keep it next to my bed.) Here are two: (I scanned them in from copier-quality copies so I apologize for the graininess.)

William Jennings Bryan was a strong supporter of the Spanish-American War and volunteered for duty. Here Col. Bryan is pictured on horseback (on the right), leading his regiment of Nebraska troops in parade out of the expo.

William Jennings Bryan was a strong supporter of the Spanish-American War and volunteered for duty. Here Col. Bryan is pictured on horseback (on the right), leading his regiment of Nebraska troops in parade out of the expo.

I love this picture because the pristine, motionless quality of the white buildings is interrupted by the clothes drying in the foreground. One can assume the workmen took a break to cool off in the artificial pool!

I love this picture because the pristine, motionless quality of the white buildings is interrupted by the clothes drying in the foreground. One can assume the workmen took a break to cool off in the artificial pool!


View from our balcony. (at Hilton Waikiki Beach)

Arts, Crafts, and Manifest Destiny

Arts, Crafts, and Manifest Destiny
Manifest Destiny in 1804?

Manifest Destiny in 1804?

Stumbled across this while on my occasional hunt to find a rare Boulevard Beer Lewis and Clark sign I spotted at restaurant once. It’s nice to see that the spirit of Manifest Destiny is alive and well in the arts and crafts community. “This listing is for an 6.25 x 10.5″ unmatted, unframed print of the Territorial Development of the United States from 1776 to 1866 with the saying Manifest Destiny and people who made that idea possible.” I assume this item is supposed to be celebratory. I’m not so sure the problem is that the creator doesn’t fully grasp the concept of Manifest Destiny. Instead, I’m more disturbed that s/he doesn’t realize how synonymous the term is with Indian extermination policies, the belief in God given superiority, or any of the other nuanced problems the concept poses. On top of that, with pictures of Lewis, Clark, Washington, and Jefferson, s/he completely got the timing of their history wrong. Poor form all around.

I sent the poster a kindly worded email urging them to remove the listing. A bit of one-on-one public history if you will.

Southwest Museum Supporters Protest Autry’s Handling Of Collection

Southwest Museum Supporters Protest Autry’s Handling Of Collection

As I’ve watched the dilemma of “The Autry National Center vs. the people of LA” unfold, I (unsurprisingly) always find myself siding with the Autry. The Southwest Museum provides a double conundrum because it is both a history museum and a historic object in itself. While it’s in an institution that seeks to conserve and educate the public about it’s collection, the museum itself is a space with provenance that is a source of local identity. In this case, what is best for the collection is not best for the community, and the community is having an understandably difficult time of accepting that. These protestors may see it as a “loss of taxpayer dollars,” but I think really it’s about a loss of identity and a cultural point of pride.

While I was an intern at the Autry, I toured the Southwest Museum and realized it would be impossible to open the building to the public. It’s not up to code for the public safety of a large number of people, and for them to make it so while meeting historic preservation codes would be a huge time and money investment. At this point, the SW Museum has yet to prove that it’s profitable for them to run. They do have a great collection, but it’s in dire need of costly conservation after being miss-appropriately cared for for a long number of years. And at the end of the day, running a museum is not cheap, nor lucrative, and I doubt these protestors understand there is much more that has to happen and be paid for behind the scenes before anything can be put on display.

However, I also see a fundamental lack of communication between museum and protestor. The SW Museum has been open to tour in the past, which I think was a great opportunity for people to come to know the state of the building and collection after a ten year closure. I think if more of these taxpayers had taken this intimate opportunity to see what the Autry has done with their money, they’d understand. But it doesn’t change the fact that the Autry is doing this largely out of their own pocket. They’re not looking to get rich off of the SW Museum; they want what is best for the collection’s preservation.

I also assume that the Autry moved the collection off-site to its Burbank storage facility because there simply wasn’t enough adequate storage space at the Southwest Museum to house it. Besides, if they do renovate the building, it would be a necessary step anyway. Lastly, it’s a museum, folks. There’s no way the city of Los Angeles is feeling any of the “loss of jobs” by not having the collection housed in the decrepit old museum. The Autry’s main campus is housed on Los Angeles city property, meaning essentially the location of the collection has no effect on jobs.

A very important point that the Autry failed to make in their statement is that the new Burbank center is also home to a new, innovative space for American Indians to interact with items from their collection. What these protestors may not understand is that American Indians who’ve allowed their cultural objects to become a part of the collection in return often expect their objects to be handled in a specific way in accordance to their beliefs. Sometimes they need to perform rituals with the objects, or they request they be stored apart from other objects, or not handled by menstruating women. The Autry understands these needs, and they were able to building the Burbank facility from scratch to meet them. The SW Museum simply cannot. It was opened 100 years ago, when the relationship between Native people and museums was much, much different, when museums did not consider the beliefs of the objects’ source communities in their practices. 

My overall point is the Autry isn’t swindling anyone, or abusing taxpayer dollars. They want what is best for the collection, and that’s what their doing with what resources they have, both spatial and financial. These protestors need to look at the bigger issue and maybe ask themselves why the loss of the Southwest’s collection really bothers them. Hopefully they will come to agree that the collection’s safety is of paramount importance, and then begin to explore other options to redefine the role the SW Museum can play in their community.

The Best Public History Museum Studies Program Ever

This is great. I also love that the program is named after my main man Peale.

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